NAZ Flora: A Photographic, Annotated Catalog of Northern Arizona Vascular Plants, published by Mindbird Maps & Books

Nyctaginaceae

Four O'Clock Family

~Abronia angustifolia.  PURPLE SAND-VERBENA.  Annual or perennial.  In Arizona and range map suggests it might occur in south-central or southeastern portions of our area [FNA-4].


Abronia elliptica (=Abronia pumila).  FRAGRANT WHITE SAND-VERBENA.  Perennial.  Mohave, Coconino, Navajo, and Apache counties, 2000-7000 feet [McD].


Abronia fragrans.  SNOWBALL SAND-VERBENA.  FRAGRANT WHITE SAND-VERBENA.  Perennial.  Coconino, Navajo, and Apache counties, 4500-7000 feet [McD].


Abronia nana.  DWARF SAND-VERBENA.  Perennial.  Mohave and Coconino counties, 3000-5500 feet [McD].



Abronia villosa.  DESERT SAND-VERBENA.  Annual.  Mohave County 1500 feet or lower [McD].


~Acleisanthes longiflora.  ANGEL'S TRUMPETS.  YERBA DE LA RABIA.  Perennial.  Range map indicates this may grow in southern portion of our region [FNA-4].


Acleisanthes nevadensis (=Selinocarpus nevadensis).  DESERT MOONPOD.  Perennial.  Present in Arizona, and range map indicates the extreme northwestern corner of the state [FNA-4].


Allionia choisyi.  ANNUAL WINDMILLS.  TRAILING FOUR-O'CLOCK.  UMBRELLA-WORT.  GARAPATILLA.  Annual, probably also perennial.  Yavapai, Coconino, Navajo, and Apache counties, 4000-6000 feet [McD].


Allionia incarnata.  TRAILING-FOUR-O'CLOCK.  TRAILING WINDMILLS.   ALLIONIA.  HIERBA DE LA HORMIGA.  PINK THREE-FLOWER.  PINK WINDMILLS.  TRAILING ALLIONIA.  TRAILING FOUR-O'CLOCK.  UMBRELLA-WORT.  Perennial.  Throughout region at 6000 feet or lower [McD].  FNA-4 range maps show variety incarnata in eastern half of NAZ Flora range, with variety villosa in western and central portion.



Anulocaulis leiosolenus var. leiosolenus.  SOUTHWESTERN RINGSTEM.  Perennial.  Mohave, Yavapai, and Coconino counties at ca. 3000-4000 feet [McD].  The variety is the only taxon listed in FNA-4 as present in the region.


Boerhavia coccinea (the genus also spelled Boerhaavia in older references).  SCARLET SPIDERLING.  RED SPIDERLING.  HIERBA DEL CANCER.   HIERBA DE LA HORMIGA.  Perennial.  Mohave, Yavapai, and Coconino counties up to 7000 feet [McD].


Boerhavia coulteri (the genus also spelled Boerhaavia in older references).  COULTER'S SPIDERLING.  Annual.  Mohave, Yavapai, and Coconino counties, 700-5000 feet [McD].  FNA-4 shows both variety coulteri and palmeri as present in the region.


Boerhavia erecta (the genus also spelled Boerhaavia in older references).  ERECT SPIDERLING.  Annual.  Yavapai County, 3000-5000 feet [McD].


Boerhavia intermedia (the genus also spelled Boerhaavia in older references).  FIVEWING SPIDERLING.  Annual.  Mohave County, 1000-4500 feet [McD].


~Boerhavia purpurascens.  PURPLE SPIDERLING.  Annual.  Range map indicates this species may occur in the south-central portion of the region [FNA-4].


Boerhavia spicata (the genus also spelled Boerhaavia in older references).  CREEPING SPIDERLING.  Annual.  Range map shows this taxon in southwestern part of this flora [FNA-4].


Boerhavia torreyana (included within Boerhavia spicata in USDA PLANTS database.  The genus also spelled Boerhaavia in older references).  CREEPING SPIDERLING.  Annual.  Reported from Yavapai, Coconino, and Navajo counties [McD].  Range map shows this in central part of northern Arizona [FNA-4].


Boerhavia wrightii (the genus also spelled Boerhaavia in older references).  LARGEBRACT SPIDERLING.  Annual.  Mohave, Yavapai, and Coconino counties, at 4000 feet or lower [McD].


Mirabilis albida (=Mirabilis comata; Mirabilis pumila; Oxybaphus comatus; Oxybaphus pumilus).  HAIRY-TUFT FOUR O'CLOCK.  DWARF FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  Reported from Coconino County and probably occurs elsewhere, 3500-9000 feet [McD, O. comatus].  Reported from Mohave, Yavapai, and Coconino counties, 3000-7500 feet [McD, O. pumilus].


Mirabilis coccinea (=Oxybaphus coccineus).  SCARLET FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  Reported from Yavapai, Coconino, and Apache counties, 4000-6500 feet [McD].


Mirabilis glabra.  SMOOTH FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  Occurs in Arizona and range map shows in extreme northern Arizona [FNA-4].


Mirabilis laevis var. villosa (=Mirabilis bigelovii).  WISHBONE-BUSH.  Perennial.  Mohave and Coconino counties at 3000 feet or lower [McD].


Mirabilis linearis (=Oxybaphus linearis).  NARROWLEAF FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  May occur throughout region at 4500-9500 feet, but McD does not distinguish the ranges of this and the variety below [McD].  FNA-4 range map indicates that M. l. var. linearis may occur through the central and eastern portions of our region.


Mirabilis linearis var. decipiens (=Mirabilis decipiens; Oxybaphus linearis var. decipiens).  BROADLEAF FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  May occur throughout region at 4500-9500 feet, but McD does not distinguish the ranges of this and the species, above [McD].  FNA-4 range map shows this occuring in eastern portions of our region.


Mirabilis longiflora. SWEET FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  Reported from Yavapai and Apache counties, 2500-7000 feet [McD, who notes that the variety wrightii "appears to be more common in Arizona than the typical plant"; this is probably the same as the varietal name correctly spelled wrightiana].


Mirabilis melanotricha. MOUNTAIN FOUR-O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  Range map shows this in southeastern part of our area [FNA-4].



Mirabilis multiflora var. multiflora. COLORADO FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  Range map suggests that this occurs through most of the central and eastern parts of this flora [FNA-4].  McD does not distinguish varieties and indicates that M. multiflora occurs throughout region, at 2500-6500 feet.


Mirabilis multiflora var. glandulosa. COLORADO FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  Range map and text suggest that this occurs near the Utah border [FNA-4].


Mirabilis multiflora var. pubescens. COLORADO FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  Range map suggests that this occurs in our area near the Colorado River in the far western region of this flora [FNA-4].


~Mirabilis nyctaginea. HEARTLEAF FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  FNA cites this occuring in Arizona, and since it also ranges through much of temperate North America, it is likely that it is also found within our region [FNA-4].


Mirabilis oxybaphoides. SMOOTH SPREADING FOUR O'CLOCK.  Perennial.  Yavapai, Coconino, Navajo, and Apache counties, 5500-8000 feet [McD].


Tripterocalyx micranthus. SMALLFLOWER SANDVERBENA.  Annual.  Northern parts of Mohave, Coconino, Navajo, and Apache counties, 1500-6000 feet [McD].


Tripterocalyx wootonii (=Tripterocalyx carnea var. wootonii).  WOOTON'S SANDPUFFS.  Found in Coconino, Navajo, and Apache counties, 4200-6800 feet [McD].



Nomenclature conforms to Flora of North America, Vol. 4.

This page last revised 9 April 2009.

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